(lacking time to update this more frequently, this is an incomplete collection of IMPORTANT information & articles worth reading and acting upon. If we do not take action to protect our own rights, who will? Environmental Rights Amendment)

Rural Pennsylvanians Say Fracking ‘Just Ruined Everything’
06/23/2016; ... AVELLA, Pa. — Sixty years after his service in the Army, Jesse Eakin still completes his outfits with a pin that bears a lesson from the Korean War: Never Impossible. That maxim has been tested by a low-grade but persistent threat far different than the kind Eakin encountered in Korea: well water that’s too dangerous to drink. from: Huffington Post, originally published by the Center For Public Integrity.

Water Supply Determination Letters
The following list identifies cases where DEP determined that a private water supply was impacted by oil and gas activities. from: PA DEP

In the Birthplace of U.S. Oil, Methane Gas Is Leaking Everywhere
June 20, 2016, by Jennifer Oldham; A mail box sits on an abandoned well pipe near blooming peonies, logs snag on metal casings rising out of a creek, children swing next to rusted pump jacks. In Pennsylvania, birthplace of the U.S. oil industry, century-old abandoned oil wells have long been part of the landscape. Nobody gave much thought to it when many were left unplugged or filled haphazardly with dirt, lumber and cannon balls that slipped or rotted away. But the holes -- hundreds of thousands of them pockmark the state -- are the focus of growing alarm, especially those in close proximity to new wells fracked in the Marcellus shale formation, from: Bloomburg

underground fire burning near a nuclear waste dump, EPA has been too slow to react
2/16/2016; ... Rapidly decomposing waste 60 feet to 200 feet down is smoldering beneath one of the landfills in what scientists call a sub-surface burning event. The underground burn is only a few thousand feet from a Superfund site filled with waste from the World War II-era Manhattan Project, the federal government’s ultimately successful effort to build an atomic bomb. from: Washinton Post

It’s not just Flint
1/27/2016; “90% of toxic concentration present in the study area is generated by only 809 (about 5%) of facilities,... The highest polluting facilities were also more likely to be located in proximity to poor and minority neighborhoods.” from: Washington Post

Hidden Danger of the Keystone Pipeline Celebration
November 12, 2015; It is understandable that many think Obama’s denial of the KXL is a huge victory for the environment. Sadly, that view is myopic, and typical of the wishful thinking hampering the environmental movement around the world. The denial of the KXL does not accomplish what we ultimately need: the shutting down of the entire industrial, fossil-fuel driven society murdering the planet. from:Deep Green Resistance News Service Deep Green Resistance News Service

Fracking Goes on Trial for Human Rights Violations
14 November 2015; By Kathleen Dean Moore ... "There are two kinds of truths in question when it comes to fracking. The first are factual, having to do with health, geology and chemistry. What are the effects of the explosive extraction of gas and oil on human and ecological thriving? Grassroots organizations around the globe are making a powerful case: Fracking is an essentially harmful practice. It sickens people, deprives them of their livelihoods, degrades or destroys their environments, and in the process contributes to the global warming that threatens the future of life on the planet.

The second, equally important kind of truth is normative, having to do with right and wrong. Given that fracking is harmful in fact, is that harm a violation of human rights? Do governments have an obligation to protect people's rights to life, liberty and security of person from the damage and danger of radically extractive and wildly profitable industrial practices? The respected judges of the Peoples' Permanent Tribunal will collect the facts, affirm the moral standards articulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and reach a precedent-setting decision. " from: Truthout | Op-Ed Truthout.org

The arrival of man-made earthquakes
April 13, 2015; William Ellsworth, a research geologist at the United States Geological Survey, told me, “We can say with virtual certainty that the increased seismicity in Oklahoma has to do with recent changes in the way that oil and gas are being produced.” Many of the larger earthquakes are caused by disposal wells, where the billions of barrels of brackish water brought up by drilling for oil and gas are pumped back into the ground. (Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking—in which chemically treated water is injected into the earth to fracture rocks in order to access oil and gas reserves—causes smaller earthquakes, almost always less than 3.0.) Disposal wells trigger earthquakes when they are dug too deep, near or into basement rock, or when the wells impinge on a fault line. Ellsworth said, “Scientifically, it’s really quite clear.” from: The New Yorker

Reporting on a World of Environmental Catastrophes - All in Just One Month
17 March 2014, by Dahr Jamail -- When all the trees have been cut down, when all the animals have been hunted, when all the waters are polluted, when all the air is unsafe to breathe, only then will you discover you cannot eat money. - Cree Prophecy from: Truthout

Lakota vow: ‘dead or in prison before we allow the KXL pipeline’
Camila Ibanez, March 13, 2014 -- On February 27, Oglala Lakota and American Indian Movement activists joined in a four-directions walk to commemorate Liberation Day, an event to mark the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee. As they do each year, four groups gather to the north, south, east and west and then walk eight miles until converging on top of Wounded Knee, where they honor the fallen warriors and the tribe’s rich history of resistance.
  “It is an acknowledgement of the resiliency of who we are as a people,” explains Andrew Iron Shell, an organizer and activist of the Sicangu Lakota Nation. “It gives permission and courage for our up-and-coming generations to face the challenges of their time.”
  The history of the occupation began with a massacre more than 100 years ago. On a cold day in December 1890, the United States army killed 300 Lakota men, women and children in a massive shoot out after a member of the First Nations refused to give up his arms. from: wagingnonviolence.org

DEP Manipulates Law On Complaint, Leaves Family Without Water
Posted by Joshua B. Pribanic on March 5, 2014 -- It’s day one and Christine Pepper’s family has no water. There’s no water for the family to drink, to shower, or wash their clothes so they’re making calls to inlaws and saving single gallon plastic jugs. It’s day one, and the Pepper family has 45 days until they know what’s happened.

It started when Christine splashed water on her face from the kitchen faucet and a burning sensation shot through her skin. “It felt like my face was on fire for 20 minutes,” she said. Later red bumps developed.

Not shortly after there was no water at all. The Pepper’s spring-fed well, which had produced water for more than 50 years, went completely dry. from: Public Herald

America's natural gas system is leaky
2/13/2014; The first thorough comparison of evidence for natural gas system leaks confirms that organizations including the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have underestimated U.S. methane emissions generally, as well as those from the natural gas industry specifically.from: Stanford Report

Trading water for fuel is fracking crazy
February 20, 2014, By David Suzuki with contributions from Ian Hanington, Senior Editor
  It would be difficult to live without oil and gas. But it would be impossible to live without water. Yet, in our mad rush to extract and sell every drop of gas and oil as quickly as possible, we're trading precious water for fossil fuels.
   A recent report, "Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Stress", shows the severity of the problem. Alberta and B.C. are among eight North American regions examined in the study by Ceres, a U.S.-based nonprofit advocating for sustainability leadership.
   from: davidsuzuki.org/ (pdf print here)

4 states confirm water pollution from drilling
January 5, 2014, Kevin Begos - PITTSBURGH (AP) — In at least four states that have nurtured the nation's energy boom, hundreds of complaints have been made about well-water contamination from oil or gas drilling, and pollution was confirmed in a number of them, according to a review that casts doubt on industry suggestions that such problems rarely happen. from: USA Today

Water value and competition will rise
11/5/2013 excerpt -- Available data does not reflect water’s true worth in the economy. For example, pricing does not usually reflect the marginal value enjoyed by Americans in having safe tap water available from community water systems 24 hours a day, which is a benefit that many citizens in other countries do not enjoy. As a result of water being undervalued, current use may be inefficient and unsustainable. Also, competition for water will increase as consumption rises, water quality decreases, and the impacts of climate change are felt.

read more at EPA Connect - http://blog.epa.gov/epaconnect/2013/11/importance-of-water/

also see the Importance of Water Report - http://water.epa.gov/action/importanceofwater/upload/Importance-of-Water-Synthesis-Report.pdf

I also found this in the comments under the blog entry: http://www.fish.state.pa.us/images/people/exec_dir/straight_talk/2011_01_02_robbery.pdf
juxtaposed w/shale 'play'?

How fracking contaminates groundwater
• WELL CASING FAILURE When a well casing failure occurs it is usually near the top, where the pressure from the slurry is the strongest, also where it is closest to the water table. The industry claims to protect the water with well casings lined in multiple layers of concrete and cement however these are two materials that corrode when in contact with water, and even more so when that water has a higher salinity. Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, an industry expert and professor of engineering at Cornell University, analyzed numbers from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection and found that “6.2 % of all well casings fail initially, leading to methane migration. 60% of all well bores fail over 20 years.”
• CARELESSNESS OF INDUSTRY There is also a great deal of water contamination caused by the carelessness of the gas industry due to leaking flowback storage ponds, surface spills and Illegal dumping of flowback fluid.
(from Shalefield Stories, Thursday, January 30, 2014: WASHINGTON, D.C. — Today Environment America Research & Policy Center joined residents living on the frontlines of fracking who recounted their stories of illness, water contamination, and damage to their livelihoods due to dirty drilling operations in a new booklet called Shalefield Stories. The new booklet was released today even as President Obama touted natural gas development in his State of the Union speech and Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz asserted last week that the impacts of fracking are “challenging but manageable.”)

Sand Land: Frac Sand Mining in Western Wisconsin That sand, which props open fractures in the shale, has to come from somewhere. Without it, the fracking industry would grind to a halt. So big multinational corporations are descending on this bucolic region to cart off its prehistoric sand, which will later be forcefully injected into the earth elsewhere across the country to produce more natural gas. Geology that has taken millions of years to form is now being transformed into part of a system, a machine, helping to drive global climate change.    from: desmogblog

Anti-fracking activist barred from 312.5 sq miles of Pennsylvania under a sweeping court order granted by a local judge (1/29/14) Vera Scroggins, an outspoken opponent of fracking, is legally barred from the new county hospital. Also off-limits, unless Scroggins wants to risk fines and arrest, are the Chinese restaurant where she takes her grandchildren, the supermarkets and drug stores where she shops, the animal shelter where she adopted her Yorkshire terrier, bowling alley, recycling centre, golf club, and lake shore.
      from: the Guardian


Are you opposed to fracking? Then you might just be a terrorist     (1/21/14)The Crisis of Democracy ... concluded that the problems of governance "stem from an excess of democracy" which makes government "less powerful and more active" due to being "overloaded with participants and demands. ... The solution, therefore, is "to restore the prestige and authority of central government institutions..."from: Nafeez Ahmed in the Guardian

4 states confirm water pollution from drilling Kevin Begos, 1/5/14    Among the findings in the AP's review: — Pennsylvania has confirmed at least 106 water-well contamination cases since 2005, out of more than 5,000 new wells. There were five confirmed cases of water-well contamination in the first nine months of 2012, 18 in all of 2011 and 29 in 2010. The Environmental Department said more complete data may be available in several months.    from: usatoday

Keystone XL Final Environmental Review - (2/1/14,released on a Friday afternoon before the Super Bowl, with attention of much of the American public diverted. hmmmmm?)
   Environmental Resources Management (ERM) was hired by the State Department to conduct the environmental review.
   The Canadian pipeline builder TransCanada recommended ERM to conduct the study, and claimed, falsely, that the two companies had not worked together before.
   ERM Group is a dues-paying member of the American Petroleum Institute, which has spent over $22 million lobbying on behalf of Keystone XL.
   The Final SEIS also precedes a heavily anticipated State Department Inspector General's report addressing these potential conflicts-of-interest between TransCanada, ERM and the State Department, (as has been covered on DeSmogBlog.)     from: desmogblog.com   (gotta admit, I agree with "The State Department's environmental review of the Keystone XL pipeline is a farce. Since the beginning of the assessment, the oil industry has had a direct pipeline into the agency.")

How Unconventional Gas Threatens our Water, Health, and Climate    This report is designed to shed light on the rapidly changing composition of the gas industry and to raise important questions about whether the rush to exploit unconventional gas may be coming at too high a cost to the environment.
   It is becoming increasingly clear that the unconventional gas boom is happening too fast, too recklessly and with insufficient concern for the potential cumulative impacts on our most critical resources – clean air, safe drinking water and a stable climate. read or download full report from: desmogblog

Simply substituting natural gas will not achieve the deeper emissions cuts needed in the longer term. Zero-carbon energy sources such as solar, wind and nuclear are critical. Strong support also is needed to perfect and deploy technologies to capture carbon emissions from coal- and natural gas-fired power plants and bury them underground. 
   The potential climate benefits of increased natural gas use can be maximized only if further steps are taken throughout the natural gas system to reduce leaks of methane, the principal component of natural gas and a potent greenhouse gas.   from: Leveraging Natural Gas to Reduce GHG Emissions
(looks biased to me - but includes FACTS that can be highlighted to point to need for MORE caution... - ie, they say "only if" but do not stress that "if" is NOT being met...)

Alcoa favors a balanced approach to energy policy, developing domestic and international markets while avoiding distortions that increase domestic price and/or price volatility. ... The NERA study does not properly compare the economic benefits of exporting natural gas to using it as a domestic job creator. ... The NERA study fails to acknowledge how unfettered LNG exports would harm the middle class and contribute to making the US economy less stable and less sustainable. ... The NERA study is tackling an important issue. Unfortunately, serious data flaws and gaps in methodology call into question the accuracy of its conclusions. from 1/24/13 comments on 2012 LNG Export Study

"Will water pumped from the Delta be used for fracking in the Central Valley?" -- that troubling question appears in the Bay Delta Conservation Plan (BDCP) weekly forum, "Your Questions Answered." The answer is yes. According to the plan, fracking is a "reasonable, beneficial use" of water. (?!!!??!!)

The MarcellusGas.Org website was created to provide easy-access information related to Marcellus gas wells in Pennsysylvania. The site was launched in September of 2010, and continuely adds new features to provide members with improved information tools and resources. visit MarcellusGas.Org (founded in mid-2010 by Carl Hagstrom after conducting his own frustrating search for relevant information about the gas extraction boom around his Jessup Twp. home and business. Susquehanna County-based website mines Marcellus data, by Laura Legere, Times Shamrock)

November 4, 2013, The Next Frontier for Pipeline Organizing Is Your Backyard by Rick Perlstein, at The Nation (with links posted at http://www.thenation.com/node/176985 , or pdf, no links, here

Marc McCord on How Dallas Was Saved From Frac'ing
18 December 2013 By Julie Dermansky, Truthout News
On December 11, the Dallas City Council passed America's most restrictive hydraulic fracturing ordinance. In nearby cities, including Fort Worth, Arlington and Denton, drilling less than 300 feet from residences is not unknown; in Dallas, the new restrictions - including outlawing drilling closer than 1,500 feet from residences and other sensitive areas - essentially prevent drilling from taking place at all, according to oil and gas industry representatives. . . more . . . (spoiler alert --- It is important to remember that mankind lived without the commercial production of oil and gas for about 200,000-400,000 years until around 1859, but no living thing on this planet can survive without an abundance of clean water and clean air. There are no substitutes.)

October 2013 - Fracking By The Numbers - Key Impacts of Dirty Drilling at the State and National Level
Written by: Elizabeth Ridlington, Frontier Group & John Rumpler, Environment America Research & Policy Center

Feb 2013 - from Drill Baby Drill: A new energy dialogue is needed in the U.S. with an understanding of the true potential, limitations, and costs—both financial and environmental—of the various fossil fuel energy panaceas being touted by industry and government proponents. The U.S. cannot drill and frack its way to “energy independence.” At best, shale gas, tight oil, tar sands, and other unconventional resources provide a temporary reprieve from having to deal with the real problems: fossil fuels are finite, and production of new fossil fuel resources tends to be increasingly expensive and environmentally damaging. Fossil fuels are the foundation of our modern global economy, but continued reliance on them creates increasing risks for society that transcend our economic, environmental, and geopolitical challenges. The best responses to this conundrum will entail a rethink of our current energy trajectory.
19 Feb 2013 - The bubble may be about to burst.Why the fracking boom may actually be an economic bubble By Philip Bump

"ALL FRACKED UP" . . . is a hard hitting documentary film which shows that hydro-fracking is an extreme technology used to obtain extreme energy with potentially extremely dire consequences. Only 2 or 3 out of 100 people have gas leases; however, all of us may suffer terrible consequences such as ruined water wells, devastated property values, rural zoning turned into industrial sites, big city pollution, 24/7 loud noise pollution from large trucks, drilling equipment, and compressor stations. Just watch the movie to see what has happened in PA.

One highlight of the movie is a revealing interview with Anthony Ingraffea, PhD, a Cornell University professor and researcher who helped develop the technology used to hydrofrack the Marcellus shale in PA but now opposes the method because of its inherent dangers. Also, interviews with Joseph Heath, Esquire, a long time environmentally active attorney who just tells it the way it is.

Considerations for Surface Use Agreements
(from an April 10, 2011 posting at http://extension.psu.edu/naturalgas/news/2011/04/considerations-for-surface-use-agreements) Landowners across many areas of Pennsylvania are being approached by natural gas companies for surface use agreements. These agreements cover various surface activities such as the placement of access roads, compressor stations, water impoundments, pipeline activity, or gas storage infrastructure on the landowner’s property. The terms and conditions of surface use agreements depend largely on the type of infrastructure proposed. However attached are some important items to consider when approached about any type of surface use agreement. These items are provided to illustrate the range of items to consider and are not meant to be a comprehensive list of surface use addenda.
Rural road program aims to keep dirty runoff out of streams amid drilling boom, BY LAURA LEGERE (TIMES-SHAMROCK WRITER) Published: November 25, 2012
More from Laura Legere here
Drilled, Baby, Drilled: The strange battle to keep Big Oil from cheating By Alan Prendergast, Jan 17 2012
The Environmental Dangers of Hydro-Fracturing the Marcellus Shale
January 3, 2012 Robert Myers, Ph.D. Lock Haven University
Over the past four years, I have watched the hydro-fracturing industry rapidly expand into central Pennsylvania, and I have been disturbed by the consequences. The state forests, where generations of Pennsylvanians have hunted, fished, and hiked, have been defaced by a growing network of well pads. But even more disturbing are the effects that we can’t see. Unknown chemicals are being pumped thousands of feet underground. The extreme pressures involved in the hydro-fracturing process are forcing methane gas into people’s homes and into their water supplies. Thousands of gallons of chemicals have been spilled in our forests and streams. It’s clear to me that hydro-fracturing is the single biggest environmental threat to Pennsylvania that this generation faces.

Pennsylvania Landowner Recognizes Rights of Nature through a First-in-the Country Deed Easement: Bans Fracking for Shale Gas
Urges Other Landowners Across the Country to Follow His Lead
Contact: J. Stephen Cleghorn, PhD (814) 568-1207 http://paradisegardensandfarm.com/

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Paradise Community, Henderson Township, Jefferson County, PA, November 14, 2012 – J. Stephen Cleghorn, PhD, a Pennsylvania organic farmer, has become the first landowner in the United States to use a conservation easement to recognize and protect the rights of water, forest, and wild ecosystems. The easement then bans activities, like shale gas hydro-fracking, which would violate those rights, and elevates the rights of nature above the power claimed by extractive energy corporations to despoil the environment.

When J. Stephen Cleghorn realized that Paradise Gardens and Farm, his certified-organic farm in Pennsylvania that sits above the Marcellus Shale formation, was at risk of being “fracked” for shale gas extraction, he knew he had to act. But he did more than just act against fracking when he became the first private property owner in the United States to use a deed easement recognizing the Rights of Nature to ban all activities that would do systemic harm to the ecosystem both above and deep below the surface of his farm. http://www.globalexchange.org/blogs/peopletopeople/2013/09/30/a-one-man-fracking-ban http://www.popularresistance.org/one-mans-clever-idea-to-fight-frackers-and-save-his-organic-farm/ /

Marcellus Shale exploitation: This is much different and far more environmentally degrading than the gas and oil drilling of the past (more below *), with TOO many concerns to know where to begin; not least of which is RADIOACTIVITY**!

New Aerial Video of Alabama Oil Spill Questions Cleanup Monday, 02 December 2013 12:46 By Melissa Troutman

Study reveals how badly frackers lie about jobs :
and Report Examines Shale Drilling Impact, Fiscal Policy Institute

Responsible Drilling Alliance newsletter archive:  http://archive.constantcontact.com/fs053/1108623850811/archive/1109350377513.html
(link from their website, responsibledrillingalliance.org, is under "media" heading)

can't help but wonder - if THIS is 'still a mystery', how can O&G industry be so confident their drilling does no harm?

PLEASE EDUCATE YOURSELF!!! Their bottom line is $$$ - if you care about ANYTHING else (clean drinking water? clean air?) LEARN AND SPEAK UP!!! The industry and politicians deny it, but there IS NO SHORTAGE of proof of the damage. There IS a shortage in voices of protest, demands for TRUE safety and accountability! They belittle the few that do speak up, and those who are most damaged are too busy just trying to survive (with limited or NO access to clean water, with increasing medical problems, with industry denials!) This WILL ripple out to YOU, PLEASE STEP UP!!!

here in PA:

and the experience elsewhere:

Photos from Appomattox Gas Line Explosion

is a pipeline agreement worth this risk?

3-26-10: See "Gasland" - Will the boom in natural gas drilling contaminate America's water supply? PBS NOW talks with filmmaker Josh Fox about 'Gasland', his Sundance award-winning documentary on the surprising consequences of natural gas drilling. Fox's film—inspired when the gas company came to his hometown—alleges chronic illness, animal-killing toxic waste, disastrous explosions, and regulatory missteps."

PLEASE do AS MUCH AS YOU CAN, TOO! We all live downstream - mistakes made here WILL reach you! Don't WAIT until it is too late! This page is one piece of my various attempts to share some of the overwhelming evidence I have stumbled across; but alone, I can do only so much. I DO also attend as many meetings as possible (including an indusrty convention!), write letters, participate in local govt, network with neighbors. Do not JUST read - read to learn, and THEN TAKE ACTION!!!

My single biggest concern? WHY are we rushing headlong into this, when we don't have HONEST answers from the indusrty, the scientists, the regulators, ANYONE, on how we are going to safely manage the unknown waste issues; where a mistake made will have irreparable consequences for countless generations?!? (and HUMAN ERROR can trump "safe science" even if the science WERE safe - so LOTS of IMMEDIATE and EFFECTIVE monitoring is ESSENTIAL, but also admitted as insufficient by the industry and regulators) MONEY is NOT the answer!

* "Unlike in conventional gas reserves, the gas in the Marcellus is trapped and dispersed throughout the shale in tiny pores, and must be released in a process called hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. In each fracking, 2-9 million gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals are forced through the well into the formation at high pressure to fracture, or crack, the shale. Roughly half the fracking fluid remains in the ground. The rest of it (1,000,000 to 4,000,000 gallons) comes up out of the well and is considered industrial waste and must be disposed of. READ: "Drilling 101"

** That WASTE INCLUDES Radioactive Residue in levels way above the NORM!

and more INVISIBLE WASTE... revealed in this OFFICIAL VIDEO FOOTAGE taken in the Barnett Shale and obtained from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. This is not an "environmental extremism" rant, THIS IS OUR FUTURE: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LiU4ehXV-LI
(above found on this well done blog: http://www.donnan.com/Marcellus-Gas_Hickory.htm)

those who have experienced it already (Barnett Shale): http://www.fwcando.org/enviro

from and to those with FAITH - a wake up call? http://www.fwcando.org/node/306

and closer to my home - Marcellus Shale: http://www.bayjournal.com/article.cfm?article=3725

this is NOT "white noise", Prof Engelder! http://damascuscitizens.org/dimock.html


Get the FRAC outta here!!!


Groundwater: A Primer: http://palwv.org/wren/library/documents/Groundwater_Primer.pdf


May 6- May 12, 2010, The River Reporter: BRADFORD COUNTY, PA — Is life better, or worse, once gas drilling settles into a rural community like Bradford County, PA? That’s a question on the minds of many in the Upper Delaware region, where the imminence of gas drilling seems to intensify daily. The answer depends on who you are, what you stand to gain or lose and what you are able to adapt to, according to the three men listed in the editor’s note above.
  Like other areas experiencing natural gas extraction, significant change is underway in Bradford County, change that, more or less, for better or worse, is just beginning to transform an agricultural landscape and lifestyle in ways that are both obvious and subtle. click here to open article in new browser page


Drilling has consquences: http://landandwater.org/


ProPublica's Abrahm Lustgarten trekked out across Colorado and Wyoming to report on and photograph the wave of natural gas drilling sweeping across the western states of the U.S. Watch the story playing out in the Pinedale Anticline, in Sublette County, Wyo.

Buried Secrets: Is Natural Gas Drilling Endangering U.S. Water Supplies?
(lengthy, but very informative article; highly recommended.) http://www.propublica.org/feature/buried-secrets-is-natural-gas-drilling-endangering-us-water-supplies-1113


*Hydraulic fracking is a process which makes the Marcellus Shale economically viable but which also introduces problems not present with traditional gas drilling. For an overview see shaleshock.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/what-is-different-about-marcellus_2.pdf.


GAS WATCH: it IS essential!    and more: un-naturalgas.org


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations defines habitat fragmentation as “the breaking up of a continuous habitat, ecosystem or land-use type into smaller fragments.” Because many species require a certain minimum undisturbed area in order to survive, there are cases in which habitat fragmentation can wipe out entire species in a certain area.
  Admittedly, this concern may appear a bit airy-fairy compared to economic benefits like jobs. It’s one thing to argue that it’s not worth drilling at the cost of our children’s health; but not worth signing a lease because of a bunch of animals and plants? At least to some, this argument lacks punch.
  But there are a couple of reasons why such a dismissal is too simplistic. First, in our area there are some species, like fish and bald eagles, that have a direct connection to economic wellbeing through tourism. Beyond that, the “who cares” argument ignores the fact that ecosystems are complex; all too often, human beings have found that abolishing one organism or promoting another has had terrible unintended consequences. Eliminate a predator, for instance, and the pests that they feed on will breed out of control. Eliminate certain types of vegetation and headwater habitats will change, fish will no longer breed, and floods will become more frequent and deadly. Cut up our local habitat into tiny pieces, and we are likely to wind up surprised and chagrined at the impact it could have on our own wellbeing.
  ... analysis that would be particularly helpful is a paper done by the Wyoming Game and Fish Department (gf.state.wy.us/downloads/pdf/og.pdf). The study evaluates the impact of varying densities of drilling activity, as measured by acres disturbed per square mile, on a variety of local wildlife ...
  ... We strongly urge the New York and Pennsylvania game and fish departments, the environmental protection agencies and the National Park Service to champion habitat integrity as essential to our area’s sustainability, and to pull together research that can underpin strategies to preserve it. In an area with a tourist economy that depends largely on outdoor amenities, it seems like a sensible step to take before our open space is cut into fragments that can’t be put back together again.

(clipped from http://riverreporter.com/issues/10-03-25/editorial.shtml )


essentialdissent.blogspot.com/search?q=gas+drilling+march+17%2C+2009 - "Gas Drilling is Unsafe- We MUST Do Better" (2). 25 minute Adobe Flash video; Ron Gulla of Hickory, PA interviewed on his property and speaking at a public forum about problems he encountered with drilling on his land; requires Flash player (can be downloaded), high bandwidth and a reasonably modern machine. Note that this is the 2nd of 3 videos on the page.


www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/minres/oilgas/FractListing.pdf - PA DEP list of chemicals in fracking fluid. Posted in March 2009. On February 20, 2008, Ron Gilius, director of the Oil and Gas Management Division, said, "... it's only sand and water - you have nothing to be afraid of."


riverreporter.com/issues/08-12-04/fracking.pdf - "What's in that fracking fluid?" A little analysis of the fracking fluid.


nrdc.org/land/use/down/down.pdf - "Drilling Down" In depth (48 page PDF) discussion of pollution involved in gas extraction and how the industry got itself exempted from federal regulations.


Drill for Natural Gas, Pollute Water The natural gas industry refuses to reveal what is in the mixture of chemicals used to drill for the fossil fuel By Abrahm Lustgarten and ProPublica ... a process pioneered by Halliburton called hydraulic fracturing, which shoots vast amounts of water, sand and chemicals several miles underground to break apart rock and release the gas. The process has been considered safe since a 2004 study by the Environmental Protection Agency found that it posed no risk to drinking water. After that study, Congress even exempted hydraulic fracturing from the Safe Drinking Water Act. Today fracturing is used in 9 out of 10 natural gas wells in the United States.
    Over the last few years, however, a series of contamination incidents have raised questions about that EPA study and ignited a debate over whether the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing may threaten the nation’s increasingly precious drinking water supply.
   full article at http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=drill-for-natural-gas-pollute-water


Wildlife expert warns of ecological risks of natural gas drilling by Farm and Dairy Staff, Friday, January 30, 2009   UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — With the unprecedented wave of deep-well, natural-gas drilling occurring across much of Pennsylvania, care must be taken to minimize impacts on wildlife and forests so critical to the state’s economy and heritage, according to a wildlife expert in Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences.
   The Keystone State must proactively plan natural-gas development associated with the Marcellus shale in a way that minimizes negative effects to valuable resources, said Margaret Brittingham, professor of wildlife resources.
    continued at tinyurl.com/gasdrilling


Texas Sinkhole Puts Spotlight On Oil, Gas Drilling - Wall Street Journal: MAY 19, 2008    By BEN CASSELMAN   A stadium-size sinkhole that formed in south Texas's oil country this month is renewing questions about the effects of billions of barrels of saltwater injected into the ground each year as a byproduct of oil and gas drilling.


Journey of the Forsaken ... Can industry be blamed for proceeding with 60 wells in this area - uniquely prone to geologic disturbance? Hardly. Industry operates to turn a profit - and, without moral discretion, can be expected to stop at nothing within allowable bounds to achieve it. Allowable bounds. This is what we must consider. To what limits should industry be allowed to pollute, endanger and destroy for the benefit of profit? Though America benefits from the new economy of catastrophe and environmental degradation, how readily can we recover precious lost resources of air, water, land and a functioning food chain... all of which are necessary to healthy, bio-diverse populations and sustainable contiguous habitat. Simply because we can do something, doesn't mean we should. But today we grapple and hope to survive what is allowed.
    continued at: http://www.journeyoftheforsaken.com/

  Welcome to my primer on hydraulic fracing, or, as I like to call it, "How to Destroy the Earth's Fresh Water Supplies Without Anyone Finding Out" http://www.journeyoftheforsaken.com/fracpage.htm


Post-Kick Arbaney Well Flare: EnCana had been drilling this well [the Magic or (Majic) 10-2] when it encountered a massive "kick" or gas pocket. The resulting underground disturbance shook the ground nearly a mile away and even knocked one home off its foundation. see 5 minute video


Barnett Shale Water Use. The Facts You Must Face. (At this link, ALSO see the left hand column for Barnett Shale and other oil and gas related posts.)